Daughters of Sir Gallahad III in the Female Line

Man o’ War was a foal of 1917. Sir Gallahad III was a foal of 1920. In terms of their stud careers, they were very nearly contemporaries.

Sir Gallahad III (henceforth to be abbreviated SGIII) was North American leading broodmare sire 12 times, from 1939 to 1955, including ten years (1943-1952) consecutively. If memory serves me correctly, Man o’ War was second to SGIII in ten of those years in which the latter won.

So if daughters of Man o’ War in the female line deserve their own post, so do daughters of SGIII. Listed below are the eight best stakes winners (those with 2,000+ Performance Points) among sales foals of 2003-2007 with daughters of SGIII in their female lines.

Stakes Winner                Price                    PP

Curlin                          05Y57,000           13,802

Smart Strike–Sherriff’s Deputy, Deputy Minister

Kip Deville                  04Y20,000            5,925

Kipling–Klondike Kaytie, Encino

Soldier’s Dancer          04W4,200             2,825

Lost Soldier–Heather’s Dancer, Gate Dancer

War Pass                     06Y180,000          2,383

Cherokee Run–Vue, Mr. Prospector

Pussycat Doll              03Y100,000          2,297

Real Quiet–Hookedonthefeelin, Citidancer

Spaghetti Mouse         03Y15,372             2,159

Archers Bay–Desert Mouse, With Approval

Flat Out                        06W11,000           2,112

Flatter–Cresta Lil, Cresta Rider

Careless Jewel             07Y40,000           2,013

Tapit–Sweet and Careless, Hennessy

White Favor was the seventh dam of Curlin. Gentle Tryst was the seventh dam of Kip Deville. Old Melody II was the fifth dam of Soldier’s Dancer. Escutcheon was the sixth dam of War Pass. Drawbridge was the ninth dam of Pussycat Doll. Valdina Gal was the sixth dam of Spaghetti Mouse. Omayya was the fifth dam of Flat Out. Grade was the seventh dam of Careless Jewel. White Favor, Gentle Tryst, Old Melody II, Escutcheon, Drawbridge, Valdina Gal, Omayya, and Grade were all daughters of SGIII.

The female line of Escutcheon and of her daughter Bourtai has already been profiled. I might profile the female line of Omayya in the future. A 1931 filly out of Ommiad, by Omar Khayyam, Omayya produced four stakes winners: Pomayya (1938 filly by Pompey), Dare Me (1941 filly by Challenger II), Dart By (1945 gelding by Whirlaway), and Atalanta (1948 filly by Count Fleet).

A 1927 filly out of Martha Snow, by Sir Martin, White Favor produced two stakes winners: White Cockade (1933 colt by Diavolo) and One Throw (1949 colt by Some Chance produced when White Favor was 22 years old). Study the female line of Curlin to see the best links in the chains of White Favor.

Gentle Tryst was a stakes-placed 1933 filly out of Cinq a Sept, by Roi Herode. She produced two stakes winners: Up the Hill (1938 filly by Jacopo) and Sailed Away (1949 colt by War Admiral).

Up the Hill is probably the most familiar name in this branch of the family. She produced two stakes winners and was the third dam of 1976 Preakness Stakes winner Elocutionist. She was also the fourth dam of Alleged (champion three times in Europe) and the sixth dam of Kip Deville.

Old Melody II was a 1933 filly out of Oh Susanna, by Light Bridgade. She produced three stakes winners: Battle Hymn (1942 colt by Hyperion), Shine II (1943 filly by Hyperion), and My Sin (1950 filly by Devil Diver). Old Melody II was also the fourth dam of Heatherten, who won five G1 races and earned $1,022,699.

A 1934 filly out of Traverse, by Tracery, Drawbridge was a stakes winner but produced no stakes winners. Drawbridge is best known as the third dam of the top-class stakes winner High Bid (1956 filly by To Market out of Stepping Stone, by Princequillo).

High Bid in turn produced champion steeplechaser Top Bid (1964 colt by Olympia) and Bold Bidder (1962 colt by Bold Ruler). Bold Bidder achieved some fame as the sire of 1980 Horse of the Year Spectacular Bid and of 1974 Kentucky Derby winner Cannonade, among many others.

Valdina Gal was a winning 1938 filly out of Sunstroke, by Campfire. I can’t really find much good to say about her. Evidently her main attraction was that she was a daughter of Sir Gallahad III, and that was good enough to keep the line alive. She was the sixth dam of Spaghetti Mouse (listed above).

Grade was an unraced 1932 filly out of Gravitate, by Rock View. She produced no stakes winners. This line started to get good with her daughter Kindergarten (a winning 1936 filly by Jacopo). Kindergarten produced three stakes winners: Nursery School (1945 filly by Count Gallahad), Atomic Speed (1950 colt by Count Speed), and Mobile (1953 colt by Count Speed).

Nursery School in turn produced three stakes winners: Miss Uppity (1956 filly by Nasrullah), Top Light (1960 colt by Limelight), and School Light (1961 colt by Limelight). Miss Uppity became the fourth dam of 1998 champion turf female Fiji (by Rainbow Quest) and the second dam of Cacoethes (colt by Alydar, G1 winner, and earner of $866,518). This family is still very popular today.

There are many other “founding females” with connections to Sir Gallahad III. Gallette (dam of Gallorette) was by SGIII. So was Native Gal (fourth dam of Affirmed). Vagrancy was by SGIII out of a mare by Man o’ War. Alablue was out of a mare by SGIII, as was Jacola (dam of Phalanx). Bold Irish (the second dam of Ruffian) was by Fighting Fox (a son of SGIII). All of the females mentioned above are the subjects of possible future posts. The legacy of SGIII went far and wide.

I decided to investigate just how good SGIII really is after all these years and all these generations. Sales foals of 2003-2007 with dams by SGIII in their female lines were not hard to find. There were 6,727 of them (just about 9.5% of all 70,714 foals) going back through ninth dams (excluding those few foals with SGIII as the sire of their tenth dams or farther back).

Those 6,727 foals sold for a gross of $362,785,222, an average of $53,930 (just a hair below the overall average of $54,140), and a maverage of 163.32 (just a hair above the overall maverage of 163.11). So they sold for prices right around average and should have produced results right around average.

They did produce results right around average. Included among those 6,727 foals were 230 stakes winners (3.42%, just a hair above the overall figure of 3.39%). Those 230 stakes winners averaged 601 Performance Points apiece (just a hair below the overall average of 608).

So taking both quantity and quality of stakes winners into account, these 6,727 foals had a PPI (result) of 0.997, compared to their Price Index of 1.001. So they sold for prices about 0.1% above average and produced results about 0.3% below average.

As was the case with Man o’ War, the chronological differences were interesting. I divided these two groups into those with SGIII as the sire of their fourth through sixth dams (no third dams were found) and those with SGIII as the sire of their seventh through ninth dams.

There were 2,905 of the former and 3,822 of the latter. The difference in prices between the two groups was negligible. The former had a maverage of 163.68. The latter had a maverage of 163.04. Both Price Indexes were right around 1.00.

The differences in results were clear. The former had 79 stakes winners from 2,905 foals (2.72%). The latter had 151 stakes winners from 3,822 foals (3.95%). And the latter stakes winners were better than the former stakes winners as well (630 to 548 average Performance Points).

So taking both quantity and quality of stakes winners into account, the former had a PPI (result) of 0.72, and the latter had a PPI (result) of 1.21. So the latter group (the one with SGIII farther back in its pedigrees) had much better results than the former group (the one with SGIII closer in its pedigrees). VERY interesting!!!!!!

I must confess that I undertook these investigations into Man o’ War and SGIII with the hopes that their results would be right around average. SGIII worked out almost perfectly (Price Index of 1.001, PPI of 0.997). Man o’ War did not work out so well. His results were considerably better than his prices. C’est la vie.

The point is that after so many generations and so many years, you should expect the prices and results to be right around average. Some random deviations from the averages are to be expected, but they should not be large.

Any way you slice it, however, Man o’ War (a foal of 1917) had better results than SGIII (a foal of 1920), and SGIII had better results than La Troienne (a foal of 1926).

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